Home > Academics > Aided Courses > Arts > Junior College > History


Junior College - History

History of Department


The Department of History started in 1948 after partition, when professors from D.J. Sind College came to Bombay. Professor C.L. Mariwalla single handedly started the Department and was soon assisted by Professor Kulkarni. In 1956, Mrs. Nirmala Gupta joined the Department followed by Mrs. L.R. Mansharamani. The Department taught full major history at the B.A. level. However in 1962, this permission lapsed due to some difficulty and History of Ancient India and Medieval India was taught upto inter-arts level.

In 1978, Mrs. Nirmala Gupta became Head of Department and in a short time History was started at the T.Y.B.A level. Later Foundation Course I was also handled by the Department. In 1993, Mrs. M.C. Dias became the Head of Department and part major history continued and the department also acquired the applied component Travel and Tourism and Foundation Course II. In August 2005, Principal Dr. Narain joined the history department. In 2010-11, History was restored to its former status with full majors being taught at T.Y.B.A level.      


Faculty - Dept. of History - Junior College

  • Ms. Hawabibi Choonawala, Teacher
    M.A., M.Ed, NETHistory of Ancient, Medieval and Modern India


Syllabus XI

Section 1

Ancient India

  1. Sources
  2. Early Phases of Ancient Indian History
    1. Pre-History
    2. Harappan Civilization
    3. Vedic Civilization
  3. Political History and Administration
    1. Mahajanpadas, Magadha, Mauryan Empire and Post Mauryan period
    2. Gupta and Post Gupta period
    3. Harsha and Post Harsha Period
    4. States in South India: Pandya, Chola, Chera, Satvahana, Vakatakas,   Pallavas,  Chalukyas and  Rashtrakutas
  4. Social Conditions
    1. Varna and Ashrama System, Caste System
    2. Marriage and Family
    3. Education
    4. Position of Women
  5. Economic Conditions
    1. Agrarian System
    2. Trade Industry and Other Occupations
    3. Currency and Coinage
  6. Religious Conditions
    1. Vedic Religion
    2. Jainism
    3. Buddhism
  7. Cultural Contribution
    1. Literature: Vedic and Supplementary Literature, Sangam Literature, Classical Sanskrit Literature, Prakrit Literature
    2. Arts: Painting, sculpture, Architecture, Music and Dance
    3. Scientific Progress: Astronomy, Mathematics, Medicine and other Sciences

Section II

Medieval India

  1. Sources of Medieval Indian History
  2. Transition from Ancient to Medieval Period
  3. Political History and Administration
    1. Rajputs, Cholas
    2. Sultanate, Vijayanagar
    3. Mughal Empire
    4. Rise of the Maratha Power
  4. Social Conditions
    1.  Caste and Communities
    2.  Marriage and Family
    3.  Education
    4.  Position of Women
  5. Economic Conditions
    1. Agrarian System
    2. Trade Industry and Other Occupations
    3. Currency and Coinage
  6. Religious Life
    1. Islam and Sufism
    2. Bhakti Movement
    3. Sikhism
  7. Cultural Contribution
    1. Literature: Persian, Hindi, Urdu, Sanskrit and Regional Languages
    2. Arts: Painting, Sculpture, Architecture, Music and Dance

Syllabus XII

  1. India on the Eve of British Conquest
    1. The Growth and Decline of Maratha Power
    2. Rise of the Sikh Power
  2. Beginning of the European Settlements in India
    1. European Companies, their Competition, Settlements and Influence (1600-1763)
    2. The Internal Organisation of the East India Company
    3. Foundation and Expansion of the British Empire (1757-1818)
    4. The Consolidation of British Power (1818-1857)
  3. East India Company’s Rule in India (1757-1857)
    1. The Structure of Government, Civil Service, Judicial Organisation – The Rule of Law-equality before Law
    2. British Economic Policies in India – The Drain of Wealth, Means of Transport and Communication, Land Revenue Policy
    3. Social Legislation
  4. Revolt of 1857
    1. Background and Causes
    2. Nature of Revolt
    3. Consequences
    4. Queen’s Proclamation, Act of 1858 and British Policies after 1858
  5. Economic Impact of the British Rule
    1. Disruption of the Traditional Economy
    2. Ruin of Artisans and Craftsman
    3. Ruin of Zamindars and Rise of New Landlords
    4. Stagnation of Agriculture, Impoverishment of the Peasantry, Commercialization of Agriculture
    5. Poverty and Famines
    6. Growth of Modern Industries
  6. Religious and Social Reform Movements (Brief Survey)
    1. Institutional Efforts:
      1. Brahmo Samaj
      2. Prarthana Samaj
      3. Satyashodhak Samaj
      4. Arya Samaj,
      5. Theosophical Society
      6. Ramkrishna Mission
    2. Religious Reforms among the Muslims
    3. Religious Reforms among the Parsis
    4. Religious Reforms among the Sikhs
    5. Emancipation of Women
    6. Struggle against Caste and Untouchability
  7. Rise and Growth of National Consciousness
    1. Popular Reaction to British Economic Exploitation
      1. Popular Revolts: Umaji Naik, Santhal Revolt, Indigo Revolt, Vasudeo Balwant Phadke
      2. Dadabhai Naoroji and Drain Theory
    2. Role of Press and Education
      1. Press in India (Brief Survey)
      2. Press in Maharashtra (with special reference to Darpan, Prabhakar, Kesari and Maratha)
      3. Western Education and its Impact
      4. Predecessors of Indian National Congress
      5. Foundation of Indian National Congress
  8. Freedom Struggle
    1. Moderate Phase (1855-1905), Role of Gopal Krishna Gokhale
    2. Extremist Phase (1905-1920), Role of Lokmanya Tilak
    3. Gandhian Phase (1920-1947), Role of Mahatma Gandhi
    4. Revolutionary Movement and Indian National Army
    5. Two Nation Theory and Partition of India
  9. Dawn of Independence: Problems and Policies
    1. Constitution of Free India: Salient Features
    2. Integration of Princely States with special reference to Kashmir, Junagarh and Hyderabad
    3. Liberation of French and Portuguese Colonies in India
    4. Economic Planning and Mixed Economy
    5. Panchsheel and Non-Alignment